Honduras (i /hɒnˈdʊərəs/; Spanish: República de Honduras, pronounced [reˈpuβlika ðe onˈduɾas]; literally Republic of Honduras) is a republic in Central America. It was formerly known as Spanish Honduras to differentiate it from British Honduras (now Belize).[4] The country is bordered to the west by Guatemala, to the southwest by El Salvador, to the southeast by Nicaragua, to the south by the Pacific Ocean at the Gulf of Fonseca, and to the north by the Gulf of Honduras, a large inlet of the Caribbean Sea.
Honduras was home of several important indigenous civilizations, mostly notably the Maya. Much of the country was conquered by Spain who introduced its predominant language and many of its customs in the sixteenth century. It became independent in 1821 and has been a republic since the end of Spanish rule.
Its size is just over 112,000 km² with an estimated population of almost eight million. Its capital is Tegucigalpa.[5] Its northern portions are part of the Western Caribbean Zone.
It is notable for its production of minerals, tropical fruit, and recently for exportation of clothing for the international market.


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